A dental extraction involves removing a tooth from its place in the jaw bone. Extractions are done in dental offices by either the dentist or an oral surgeon and are often performed under local or general anesthesia. A dental extraction is recommended when tooth decay is severe and nothing can be done to save the tooth, or when the tooth is infected or vulnerable to infection.
Types of Tooth Extractions
There are two primary types of tooth extractions, simple and surgical. During a simple extraction, the dentist will use forceps to remove the tooth completely. In more complicated cases the tooth may be removed in pieces for your comfort. A simple extraction is performed under local anesthesia. Surgical extractions are performed by the oral surgeon in cases where a simple extraction is not possible. Surgical extractions are generally performed under general anesthesia.
Post Extraction Care
After the tooth extraction, it is necessary to follow the dentist’s instructions. There are few rules that each patient must apply after such a procedure:
- Take painkillers and antibiotics as prescribed
- Do not smoke as it may inhibit healing
- Refrain from spitting, rinsing forcefully or drinking with a straw in the first 24 hours to avoid dislocating the blood clot formed in the socket
- Eat mainly soft food after the procedure. Introduce solid food gradually and avoid biting and chewing on the affected side to prevent high pressure on the exposed gum;
- Follow normal dental hygiene procedures carefully to prevent infection. Avoid brushing too vigorously near the extraction area to avoid irritation.
- Rest for the day or until the anesthetic fades off
A tooth extraction should not be painful, and if the patient experiences pain during the procedure, the patient should let the dentist know so adjustments can be made. Introduction of additional general anesthesia may be necessary. If the patient experiences severe pain and bleeding that does not stop after the first 24 hours from the procedure, contact the dental office where you had the extraction completed for further instructions. If you are in need of a dental extraction, call our office today to schedule an appointment. If our office cannot perform the extraction(s), we refer to a network of oral surgeons with whom we have had professional relationships spanning decades who are willing to provide prompt services to our patients.